Our Mom had Type 2 diabetes. She did not really change her lifestyle so she started on oral meds and continued on to insulin.
At my physical in May, my blood sugar level was just past the high end of normal. I do NOT want to take medication so I'm ramping up my healthy habits. The number one thing is increasing the exercise. I am now walking for 15 minutes twice a day. Last week Janet and I did laps when no one showed up for water aerobics. It was great exercise.
Naturally I went to the internet to see how many carbs per day are normal. My previous diet was pretty heavy on carbs. I found a great iPhone app called FatSecret (free ... how do they do that?) where I just type in my food and portion, and it keeps track of carbs, protein, calories, etc. Very little effort on my part. I've been successful at having breakfast every day (since the first of the year). Now I have to plan on a couple of healthy snacks each day. No more grabbing the bag of potato chips. Half an apple with a tiny bit aged goat cheese kept me satisfied until the next meal. I'm portioning roasted almonds for on the go snacks.
I'll keep you posted. Gotta go on my walk!